Origin of Emoticons

How and when did emoticons evolve? According to Microsoft's Mike Smith, the first emoticon appeared in 1982. The smiley ":-)" and its opposite ":-(" were invented by Scott Fahlman at Carnegie Mellon, who posted it to a bulletin board. Here's what Scott said at the time.

19-Sep-82 11:44    Scott E  Fahlman             :–)
From: Scott E  Fahlman <Fahlman at Cmu-20c>

I propose that the following character sequence for joke markers:
Read it sideways.  Actually, it is probably more economical to mark
things that are NOT jokes, given current trends.  For this, use

For more information on Microsoft's software archeology expedition to discover this, go here.

Nathaniel Borenstein, Curator

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